The Science Behind a Luftvärmepump( air heat pump ): Components You Need to Know

As winter settles in and the temperature continues to drop, homeowners are thinking about how to keep their homes warm and cozy. If you’re considering investing in a heat pump, you’ll probably want to know more about what it is and what advantages it has compared with other heating systems. Heat pumps are among the most efficient ways of heating your home. They can also be used as an air-conditioning system in the summer by switching from heating mode to cooling mode on a hot day when the outside temperature is cool enough for it to make sense. If you’re looking for more information about this type of heating system, read on to learn more about how a heat pump works, its pros and cons, and how you can use one effectively at home.

What is Heat Pump

A heat pump is a device that transfers heat from one location to another. The two most common types of heat pumps are air-source heat pumps and ground-source Luftvärmepump( air heat pump ). Air-source heat pumps rely on the outside air to transfer the heat, while ground-source systems pump energy from the earth. Heat pumps use a process called “refrigeration” to move warm air from one place to another. Refrigeration is the process of moving thermal energy in a direction opposite to that which it would naturally flow. This means that when it’s cold outside, the warmth moves inside and when it’s hot outside, coolness comes inside.

The main components of a typical refrigeration system are:

1) an outdoor unit with an electric compressor, condenser coil, and expansion valve;

2) an indoor unit with evaporator coil, fan, and venting system;

3) long coils (called thermoelectric or “refrigerant” coils);

4) refrigerant;

5) liquid refrigerant circulating between outdoors and indoors units in series through pipes carrying hot vapors or cold liquid;

6) insulation around all coils, pipes, and joints.

Components of a Heat Pump

A heat pump is a system that moves heat from one area to another. It extracts heat from one air source and transfers it to another air source. When it’s in heating mode, the process is reversed and cool air is used to extract the heat from the home and release it outside.

  1. Compressor -The compressor compresses the refrigerant gas in a sealed tube containing an electric coil called an evaporator. The refrigerant gas absorbs energy in this process, which is transferred to the other fluid flowing through the evaporator – usually water or freon (R-22). This causes the refrigerant gas to boil into a vapor, which then turns into liquid at room temperature when pressure inside the tube drops.
  2. Condenser -The condenser releases the heat from this liquid back into the atmosphere by spraying it onto a metal coil or fin assembly that is cooled by running cold water around it or blowing air through it with fans. It makes sense to use cold water because of how much heat can be extracted by changing its phase state, such as boiling off as steam or turning into ice.
  3. Expansion valve- The expansion valve regulates how much of this hot liquid should turn into a vapor so that there isn’t too much pressure on either side of the system–too little and not enough gas will turn into liquid; too much and there will be too much pressure on either side of the system, which may overheat your compressor’s.

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